Oral health is important, and that is why regular visits to the dentist need to happen. However, there are times when the dental problems that you encounter require surgery. If you are suffering from oral health problems of your own, and you have no idea what you can do to alleviate your sufferings, then here is a guide for you about the different types of dental surgeries:
1. Endodontic Surgery: This type of surgery focuses on the pulp or root; therefore, it is done to treat the inside of the tooth. It is usually done when the pulp of a tooth becomes inflamed or infected. Endodontic surgery is necessary because if the inflammation is left untreated, you will continuously experience pain and develop an abscess. It includes a root canal procedure, which is the removal of inflamed or infected pulp. After the removal, the inside is cleaned and disinfected. To restore the tooth, it is filled and sealed.
Another type of endodontic dental surgery is apicoectomy. It is a procedure that is done if a root canal is not enough to relieve the pain. Here, the apex of the tooth is removed so as to extract the diseased material inside.
2. Tooth Repair and Replacement: This type of dental surgery involves the use of dental prosthetics. It is a dental specialty which remedies deficient teeth or oral and maxillofacial tissues. This includes the application of the following: crowns (artificial tooth coverings), veneers (similar to crowns but are more for aesthetic purposes), bridges (used for extraction wherein two or more crowns are connected together), dental implants (surgical placing of artificial teeth) and dentures (false teeth). Prosthodontics can improve not only the appearance but also the oral function of the mouth.
3. Orthodontics: This field of dentistry helps correct improperly positioned teeth and jaws. There are many types of appliances that an orthodontist may use to correct the problems. Most of them work by applying gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws to correct the problem. The most common fixed appliance is braces. Removable appliances, on the other hand, include aligners and splints for jaw repositioning. Sometimes however, more serious orthodontic treatments are done to remedy the problem such as extraction (like a problematic wisdom tooth) and fiberotomy (severing of fibers around the tooth to prohibit relapse).
4. Periodontics: This area focuses on inflammatory problems that destroy gum tissue. There are many treatments involved in this area such as scaling and root planning, which clean infected root surfaces; regenerative procedures that reverse the loss of bone and tissue; and root surface debridement, which involves the removal of damaged tissue. Aside from these, periodontists can also repair, maintain and place dental implants.
If you are about to undergo a dental surgery in Washington DC, it is paramount that you arm yourself with background knowledge about the procedure, so you can minimize your worries.