The knee is the largest joint in the body. And because of the tremendous loads and forces place through the knee join in sports and every day life, it is very susceptible to injury.
The knee is made up of ligaments, bones, tendons and bones that keep the knee stable, strong and functional. Most people have had a knee injury in their live, when performing certain tasks at their jobs, home and even participating in sports activities for example football and basketball. Aging and knee ailments such as arthritis and osteoporosis also increase the probability of having knee problem. The common signs of knee injury are sharp pain and continuous swelling of the knee.
The following are the common knee injuries:
A fracture occurs when the bones around the knee or the upper and lower part of femur or tibia are broken. Knee fractures are mostly caused by high energy shock such as motor vehicle collision, sport related contact or a fall from significant heights.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries
Ligaments are the soft tissues that connect the bones. This injury mostly happens when there is rapid change of direction or wrong landing from a jump. Anterior cruciate ligament is often injured during sport activities such as soccer and basketball.
Posterior cruciate ligament injuries
This injury occurs when the knee is bent such that the ligament is injured from a blow to the front of the knee. This type of tear has the ability to heal on its own. Posterior cruciate ligament injuries mostly occurs in sport related contacts and motor vehicle collisions.
Dislocation happens when the bones of the knee are completely or partially out of place. This caused by high energy shock or an abnormality in the structure of the knee.
Jumping, running sports, falls, incorrect landing from a jump and direct force to the front knee may stretch and tear the patellae and quadriceps tendons
Meniscus is discs that act as a cushion to the knee. Meniscus tears occur when cutting, twisting, pivoting when participating in sports. Meniscus can also be teared when one is suffering from arthritis or due to aging.
Always seek professional help when your knee is injured. Knee injuries can be treated by either following some specific knee exercises or by surgery depending on the severity of the injury, activity level and also the general health of the person.
Fractures and ligament injuries requires surgery treatment. Knee surgery should be performed by a qualified surgeon using minuscule instruments.The knee surgery is usually an open surgery where the specialist is apply to fix the knee problem. Care should be taken to consult the best and most up-to-date surgeon you can. In Australia the best surgeons are in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, and usually work for NRL or AFL sports teams. Use this website to find the best Sydney knee specialist working with rugby league athletes.
Non surgical Treatment
Dislocation of knee can be easily treated by;-
Knee exercises are ideal as it quickly restores the performance of the knee and strengthens the leg muscles. Some of the knee exercises are rehabilitation exercise, partial squats, and side lying leg lifts, calf raises, straight leg raises, hamstring stretch, and short arc knee extension.
When your bone is fractured, a cast can be used to hold the bones while the knee heals. Frequent movement of fractured knee may delay the healing process. Crutches may be used to avoid putting too weight on the leg.
* Anti-inflammatory medicine
The knee specialist may recommend aspirin and ibuprofen drugs to minimize knee pains swellings.